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Understanding copyright and related rights

2 min read

What are copyright and related rights in the music industry?

Copyright and related rights in the music industry are the controls creators and other rights holders have over their musical works, performances, and sound recordings.

What are copyright and related rights?

protects two types of rights: and .

When attached to a , they are called copyright.

When attached to a or , they are normally called related rights or neighbouring rights. But in countries, both are often just called copyright.

In countries, is rooted in the author’s right tradition, whereby copyright stems from the protection of authors’ personalities and, therefore, also protects the fruits of their labor, while , owners of sound recordings, and broadcasters enjoy related rights.

In countries, copyright is justified by the personal and financial investment in creating a work, and authors, as well as other all enjoy copyrights.

Copyright laws differ in each country but follow minimum protection standards established by World Intellectual Property Organization and World Trade Organization treaties.

Copyright law protects two types of rights: moral rights and economic rights.

When do copyright and related rights exist?

For any musical work to have copyright protection, it must be and cannot just be an idea. It must have been expressed and documented in a definite form, such as in writing or a recording.

Any performance of a musical work or is protected and requires the performers’ authorization to be recorded. And for sound recordings to have related rights or copyright protection, they must be , resulting in the .

Image credit: Martin Dam Kristensen